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4:02 pm
Sun September 21, 2014

Turkey Sees Influx Of Refugees Fleeing ISIS

Originally published on Sun September 21, 2014 7:31 pm

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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ARUN RATH, HOST:

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World
4:02 pm
Sun September 21, 2014

Ugandan LGBT Activist Recommended For Asylum In U.S.

Ugandan gay-rights activist John Abdallah Wambere, right, embraces attorney Janson Wu, after announcing his application for asylum in May. The U.S. government has now formally recommended Wambere's application for approval.
Josh Reynolds AP

Originally published on Sun September 21, 2014 7:31 pm

This past week, John Abdallah Wambere finally heard the seven words he had been waiting for:

"Your application has been recommended for approval."

Wambere, a prominent Ugandan LGBT-rights activist, had applied for asylum in the United States, due to anti-gay persecution in his home country.

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The Two-Way
4:02 pm
Sun September 21, 2014

Snowden Reveal Makes Israeli Spies' Protest An American Issue

At a cybersecurity conference in Tel Aviv on Sept. 14, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu accused the 43 Unit 8200 refusniks of "baseless slander" which "should be condemned."
Menahem Kahana AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Sun September 21, 2014 7:31 pm

Last Friday, 43 veteran and reserve members of Israel's secretive spy organization, Unit 8200, claimed they'd been directed to spy on Palestinians for coercion purposes.

The group signed an open letter of protest to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and to the head of the Israeli army, accusing the spy agency of targeting innocent Palestinians and collecting data for political purposes, not national security.

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The Two-Way
3:53 pm
Sun September 21, 2014

Thousands Of Refugees Flee Syria In Chaotic Scene At Turkey's Border

A Syrian family waits near the Turkish-Syrian border after entering Turkey near the town of Sanliurfa Sunday. An estimated 70,000 Syrian Kurds have fled the extremist group the Islamic State this weekend.
Ulas Yunus Tosun EPA /LANDOV

An estimated 70,000 Syrian refugees have fled the violence brought by extremist group ISIS this weekend, choosing to cross into Turkey carrying whatever belongings they can manage.

The rush of predominantly Kurdish refugees came as fighters loyal to ISIS seized dozens of villages in the area. While a U.N. agency reported about 70,000 refugees this weekend, a Turkish official says 100,000 Syrians have come to Turkey for shelter in the past week.

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The Two-Way
12:46 pm
Sun September 21, 2014

For Oktoberfest-Goers In Munich, A Parade And A Party

People wearing traditional Bavarian clothes take a break after the Oktoberfest parade in Munich Sunday. Millions of beer drinkers from around the world will visit the Bavarian capital over the next two weeks for the festival.
Michael Dalder Reuters /Landov

Munich kicked off this year's Oktoberfest Saturday, beginning festivities in which the city expects to host 6 million visitors. Today's events included a parade celebrating Bavarian culture – and of course, the rampant consumption of beer, served in a traditional one-liter Mass mug.

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The Two-Way
10:25 am
Sun September 21, 2014

One Year After Kenyan Mall Attack, Few Answers Have Emerged

Survivors and relatives of victims carry Kenya's national flags on the anniversary of last year's deadly attack on the Westgate shopping mall in Kenya's capital of Nairobi.
Thomas Mukoya Reuters /Landov

Originally published on Sun September 21, 2014 4:07 pm

Kenyans are marking the first anniversary of a deadly attack on an upscale shopping mall in Nairobi that sparked a siege and created new uncertainty over the reach of extremist violence in Africa. The attackers were identified as Islamist militants from Somalia, but few other details about the incident have emerged.

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Code Switch
10:17 am
Sun September 21, 2014

A Forgotten Referendum On The Union Of Scots And English

The publication of the King James Bible was among the events that diminished Scots' standing as a literary tongue in Scotland.
Jemimus Flickr

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The Two-Way
8:50 am
Sun September 21, 2014

Afghan Presidential Rivals End Dispute — And A Long Election Season

Afghan presidential candidates Abdullah Abdullah, left, and Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai shake hands after signing a power-sharing pact in Kabul Sunday. The first vote in the election was held in April; a runoff followed in June.
Wakil Kohsar AFP/Getty Images

Habemus Praesidentem: there's white smoke in Kabul – figuratively speaking.

And like choosing a pope, selecting Afghanistan's new president has been a long and enigmatic process. Candidate registration began on Sept. 16, 2013. The first round of voting was on April 5. The second round on June 14.

And now, on Sept. 21, Afghan election officials announced that Ashraf Ghani is the country's the next president. He'll succeed President Hamid Karzai, who has ruled since the fall of the Taliban in 2001.

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Afghanistan
6:46 am
Sun September 21, 2014

Afghan Presidential Candidates Sign Power-Sharing Agreement

Originally published on Sun September 21, 2014 10:15 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Middle East
6:46 am
Sun September 21, 2014

Syrian Refugees Flood Turkish Border

Originally published on Sun September 21, 2014 10:15 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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Parallels
4:58 am
Sun September 21, 2014

U.S., Iraqi Militias Join In Uneasy Alliance

Members of the Mehdi Army militia, which once fought U.S. forces in Iraq, take part in training in the southern Iraqi city of Basra on June 17. The militia's fighters now find themselves allied with the U.S. against the self-declared Islamic State.
AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Sun September 21, 2014 10:15 am

In the Middle East, alliances have a strange way of shifting. And as the United States again becomes deeply involved in the conflict in Iraq, it's found itself making some strange alliances too.

Militias that used to fights American forces in Iraq are now fighting against the Islamic State — on the same side as the U.S. — and all sides involved have reservations about it.

A decade ago in Sadr City, a sprawling Shiite suburb of Baghdad, the Mehdi Army, led by Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, began to fight bitterly against American forces, calling them occupiers.

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Middle East
4:50 pm
Sat September 20, 2014

Dozens Of ISIS Hostages Freed And Sent To Turkey

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 5:51 pm

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The Two-Way
4:22 pm
Sat September 20, 2014

Afghan Rivals Have Signed Power-Sharing Agreement

Abdullah Abullah (left) and Ashraf Ghani, shown here on August 8, have been contesting the results of Afghanistan's runoff presidential election for months. They are expected to sign a power-sharing deal on Sunday.
Wakil Kohsar AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Sun September 21, 2014 6:41 am

This post was updated at 7:40 a.m. ET Sunday.

Afghanistan's disputed presidential election is finally coming to a close, as the two rivals for the presidency have reached a power-sharing deal that they formally signed on Sunday.

Under the agreement, Ashraf Ghani is poised to replace the outgoing current president, Hamid Karzai. The deal will create a national unity government and delegate limited powers to the loser of the election.

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Parallels
2:58 pm
Sat September 20, 2014

When The U.S. Backs Rebels, It Doesn't Often Go As Planned

Nicaragua's Contra rebels in 1990. The U.S. backed the Contras in the 1980s, which led to the ouster of the leftist Sandinista leadership. But the U.S. aid violated American law and contributed to the biggest scandal of President Reagan's administration.
Michael Stravato AP

As the U.S. steps up arms and training, Syria's "moderate" rebels are joining a long line of resistance movements the Americans have backed over the decades, from Angola to Afghanistan.

The high-water mark was President Reagan's administration in the 1980s, when the U.S. supplied weapons to three rebel groups on three separate continents in Cold War proxy fights designed to undermine the Soviet Union.

So how have they worked out?

Well, it's complicated.

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Europe
9:01 am
Sat September 20, 2014

Over Spain's Objections, Catalonia Plans Referendum On Independence

Pro-independence demonstrators shout slogans outside the Catalan parliament on Friday in Barcelona, Spain. The Catalan parliament has approved rules for a self-determination referendum — which would violate the Spanish constitution.
David Ramos Getty Images

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 10:16 am

In sultry Barcelona, it was a unexpected gathering of bagpipes, tartan plaid, Scotch and even haggis — the traditional Scottish innards-and-oatmeal dish.

Spaniards turned out en masse to celebrate Scotland's referendum on independence from the United Kingdom.

"For one day, I would like to be Scottish," said Gabriel Herredero, 25, who wore a Scottish kilt out to a bar. "As Catalans, we would be proud also to be able to vote for something we really want."

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Goats and Soda
9:01 am
Sat September 20, 2014

Workers Hand Out Soap And Advice As Sierra Leone Locks Down

During the three-day lockdown, the government of Sierra Leone is sending teams of workers door-to-door to talk to people about how to protect themselves from Ebola.
Anders Kelto/NPR

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 10:16 am

Sierra Leone is holding a country-wide experiment: For three days, no one is allowed to leave their home.

It's part of the country's strategy for controlling the deadly Ebola virus. While people across Sierra Leone stay at home, teams of workers go door-to-door, educating the public about the disease.

The effort got its shaky start on Friday.

The streets were empty in the heart of Freetown, the capitol. The only sound came from a few street sweepers and a police van blasting a song from an old speaker.

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The Two-Way
7:30 am
Sat September 20, 2014

Dozens Of Turkish Hostages Freed, As ISIS Advances In Syria

Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, center, poses with dozens of freed Turkish hostages at the Esenboga Airport in Ankara Saturday. The group was held by militants in northern Iraq for more than three months.
Adem Altan AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 1:14 pm

After more than 100 days in captivity, nearly 50 Turkish people are now free from the extremist group ISIS. The group includes diplomats and children, along with security personnel who were seized in June along with Turkey's consulate in Mosul.

As it celebrates the 49 hostages' return, Turkey is also receiving an influx of thousands of Kurdish people who are fleeing parts of Syria where ISIS has taken dozens of towns in recent days.

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Middle East
6:40 am
Sat September 20, 2014

Analyst: U.S. Needs To 'Deconflict' Syria To Defeat ISIS

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 10:16 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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Europe
6:40 am
Sat September 20, 2014

The Turmoil In Scotland, Expressed By Its Poets

Originally published on Sun September 21, 2014 3:17 pm

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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Environment
6:40 am
Sat September 20, 2014

Organizers Hope U.N. Climate March Will Be Largest In History

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 10:16 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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Middle East
6:40 am
Sat September 20, 2014

How To Inoculate Angry Teens Against Islamic Extremism

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 10:16 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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Africa
6:40 am
Sat September 20, 2014

This Ebola Outbreak 'Has Broken All The Rules'

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 10:16 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

We're joined now by Laurie Garrett who's a senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations. Of course, she won a Pulitzer for her coverage of the Ebola outbreak in Zaire in 1995. Laurie, thanks so much for being with us.

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Europe
6:40 am
Sat September 20, 2014

From 'Yes' To 'No': One Scot's Shift On Independence

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 10:16 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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Goats and Soda
6:03 am
Sat September 20, 2014

Ebola Battlers Can Learn From Venice's Response To Black Death

Venetians celebrate during the Festa del Redentore in Venice. The festival began in 1576 when the Republic's Senate voted to build a church on the Giudecca Island to Christ the Redeemer to thank God for the city's deliverance from the Plague.
Marco Di Lauro Getty Images

Patients "driven to frenzy by the disease, especially at night ... went here and there, colliding with one another and suddenly falling to the ground dead."

No, it's not a scene from the modern-day Ebola outbreak. It's a description from Venice of a hospital ward during the plague that first struck the city in the mid-1300s.

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Goats and Soda
5:03 am
Sat September 20, 2014

WATCH: The Boy Who Danced In The Face Of Ebola

Dance therapy? Mamadee, 11, made everyone happy at the Ebola treatment center with his dancing. He made a full recovery.
YouTube

This week has been tough. Maybe the toughest in the long, drawn-out battle against Ebola in West Africa.

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Author Interviews
4:11 am
Sat September 20, 2014

Why Afghanistan's 'Underground Girls' Skirt Tradition To Live As Boys

Originally published on Sat September 20, 2014 10:16 am

In many families of Afghanistan, the birth of a girl is mourned. While boys are seen as blessings, girls are considered burdens and forced to live a strict life of limited options. They can't leave the house alone; they're not educated; and they're dressed in clothes that conceal them and literally restrict their view of the world.

But some young girls find a way to fight that for at least a few years.

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Goats and Soda
4:48 pm
Fri September 19, 2014

Social Media Get The Right Stuff To India's Flood Victims

An Indian Kashmiri man in Srinagar uses a rope to cross over floodwaters in early September.
Punit Paranjpe AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Fri September 19, 2014 5:55 pm

When the floods hit the state of Jammu and Kashmir in the first week of September, Delhi resident Raheel Khursheed was preparing to visit his hometown, Anantnag.

"By the middle of the week I realized that it's not going to stop raining through most of the week, and I started to put my plans on hold," says the 31-year-old New Delhi resident, who directs news, politics and government at Twitter India. "By Friday, Anantnag was flooded."

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Goats and Soda
4:27 pm
Fri September 19, 2014

Sierra Leone: Where Colin Powell Felt His Roots

Originally published on Fri September 19, 2014 5:04 pm

The media are focused on Sierra Leone this weekend, as the Ebola-embattled nation has set up a three-day lockdown to help control the disease.

Aid will be coming from the United Kingdom, which once ruled the West African nation. But the country also played a painful role in U.S. history, dating back to the dark days of slavery. Thousands from that part of Africa were captured, enslaved and sent to the sprawling rice plantations of Georgia and South Carolina.

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Europe
3:30 pm
Fri September 19, 2014

British Ambassador To U.S. Says Scottish Vote Is 'Decisive'

Originally published on Fri September 19, 2014 5:08 pm

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Europe
3:18 pm
Fri September 19, 2014

'Braveheart' Writer 'Heartbroken' Over Scottish Referendum

Originally published on Fri September 19, 2014 9:23 pm

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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